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COP28

Cuireann Uachtarán an Choimisiúin comhar domhanda ar phraghsáil carbóin chun cinn in imeacht ardleibhéil ag COP28

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D’óstáil Uachtarán an Choimisiúin Ursula von der Leyen imeacht ardleibhéil ag COP28 chun forbairt na margaí praghsála carbóin agus carbóin a chur chun cinn, mar ionstraimí cumhachtacha chun cuspóirí Chomhaontú Pháras a bhaint amach. Cuireann sé leis an nGlaoch chun Gníomhaíochta do Mhargaí Carbóin atá ailínithe i bPáras a sheol an Coimisiún Eorpach, an Spáinn agus an Fhrainc i mí an Mheithimh 2023.

Dúirt Uachtarán an Choimisiúin Eorpaigh Ursula von der Leyen: “Tá praghsáil charbóin mar chuid lárnach den Chomhaontú Glas Eorpach. San Aontas Eorpach, má thruaillíonn tú, caithfidh tú praghas a íoc air sin. Más mian leat an praghas sin a sheachaint, déanann tú nuálaíocht agus infheistíonn tú i dteicneolaíochtaí glana. Agus oibríonn sé. Ó 2005 i leith, laghdaigh an EU ETS astuithe sna hearnálacha clúdaithe de níos mó ná 37%, agus ardaíodh níos mó ná €175 billiún. Glacann go leor tíortha ar fud an domhain le praghsáil charbóin anois, agus tá 73 ionstraim i bhfeidhm, a chlúdaíonn an ceathrú cuid d’astaíochtaí iomlána domhanda. Is tús maith é seo, ach ní mór dúinn dul níos faide agus níos tapúla. Tá an AE réidh a thaithí a roinnt agus cabhrú le daoine eile sa tasc uasal seo.” 

An Banc Domhanda Uachtarán Ajay Banga, Eagraíocht Trádála Domhanda Ard-Stiúrthóir an Dr Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, agus Ciste Airgeadaíochta Idirnáisiúnta Stiúrthóir Bainistíochta Kristalina Georgieva ghlac gach duine páirt in imeacht an Choimisiúin Eorpaigh, a mharcálann a céim nua i gcomhoibriú ar phraghsáil carbóin. The four organisations all underlined the importance of carbon pricing for the climate and for a fair transition. Today’s event also included interventions from Prime Minister of Spain, Pedro Sanchez, and President of Zambia, Hakainde Hichilema, who shared their country’s perspective on the challenges and benefits of further developing carbon pricing and ensuring the high integrity of international carbon markets.

Leanfaidh an Coimisiún ar aghaidh ag tacaíocht theicniúil a sholáthar do thíortha ar mian leo córais praghsála carbóin a thabhairt isteach in their domestic legislation, and to help them to build robust approaches to international carbon markets that are consistent with their long-term climate and development strategies. Carbon credits must be based on common and robust standards that ensure an effective reduction of emissions through transparent and verified projects. Following today’s event, Ba cheart go mbeadh ról tábhachtach ag COP28 maidir le tagarmharc a shocrú do mhargaí idirnáisiúnta agus deonacha carbóin a chinnteodh a mbreisluach agus a n-iontaofacht agus ag an am céanna comhroinnt chothromasach ar na tairbhí a chur chun cinn idir rannpháirtithe. Tá gá againn le caighdeán inchreidte a thiomáineann infheistíocht bhunathraithe, a urramaíonn teorainneacha comhshaoil, agus a sheachnaíonn glasáil isteach ar leibhéil neamh-inbhuanaithe astuithe nó spleáchas gan údar ar aistrithe leochaileacha.

cúlra

Carbon pricing is a central part of the EU’s successful and ambitious climate policies, implemented through the Córas Trádála Astuithe an AE (EU ETS). Putting a price on greenhouse gas emissions is a fair and economically efficient way to reduce them, as it penalises polluters and incentivises investment in clean technologies. Carbon pricing also generates revenues for public sector invest in climate action. In sectors covered by the EU ETS, emissions have fallen by over 37% since its introduction in 2005 and revenues from the EU ETS have reached €175 billion. Since 1990 the EU’s total emissions have fallen by 32.5%, while our economy has grown by around 65%, underlining how we have decoupled economic growth from emissions. Emissions trading will soon apply to new sectors in Europe under recently agreed reforms, extending to maritime and aviation, and later to fuels for buildings and road transport.

An Glao chun Gníomhaíochta ar Mhargaí Carbóin atá ailínithe i bPáras was launched at the Summit for a New Financial Pact hosted by France in June 2023. So far 31 countries (EU27 + Barbados, Canada, Cook Islands and Ethiopia) have expressed their support for the Call. The Call includes three elements: 1) commitment to expansion and deepening of domestic carbon pricing and carbon market instruments; 2) Support to host countries for full implementation of the agreed rulebook for international compliance markets, and; 3) ensuring high integrity in voluntary carbon markets. The Call builds on and compliments existing initiatives such as Canada’s Global Carbon Pricing Challenge, which the EU formally joined at the Cruinniú Mullaigh AE-Ceanada on 24 November, the G7 High Integrity Principles, as well as the Paris Agreement’s Article 6 rules.

Aiseolas

Naisc ghaolmhara

Óráid an Uachtaráin von der Leyen ag an Imeacht Ardleibhéil ar mhargaí Carbóin
Glao chun Gníomhaíochta ar Mhargaí Carbóin atá ailínithe i bPáras

“Carbon pricing is the centrepiece of the European Green Deal. In the European Union, if you pollute, you have to pay a price for that. If you want to avoid paying that price, you innovate and invest in clean technologies. And it works. Since 2005, the EU ETS has reduced emissions in the sectors covered by over 37%, and raised more than €175 billion. Many countries around the world now embrace carbon pricing, with 73 instruments in place, covering a quarter of total global emissions. This is a good start, but we must go further and faster. The EU is ready to share its experience and help others in this noble task.” Ursula von der Leyen, President of the European Commission – 30/11/2023

Comhroinn an t-alt seo:

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