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chasacstáin

Biden geall ar Tokayev

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Kazakh Uachtarán Kasym-Jomart Tokayev ghabh sé buíochas le hUachtarán na Stát Aontaithe Joe Biden as cuireadh a thabhairt dó chuig an gcéad chruinniú mullaigh de cheannairí na hÁise Láir agus SAM le linn cruinnithe in Astana le Gary Peters, cathaoirleach Choiste Seanad na SA um Shlándáil Dúchais agus Gnóthaí Rialtais.

Tionólfar cruinniú mullaigh cheannairí na hÁise Láir agus na Stát Aontaithe san fhormáid C5+1 ar urlár Chomhthionóil Ghinearálta na NA i Meán Fómhair na bliana seo.

Is díol spéise é go ndearnadh an togra seo tráth Chruinniú Mullaigh BRICS, áit ar ligeadh baill nua isteach san eagraíocht, agus thairg Tokayev a chuid smaointe maidir le comhar a fhorbairt maidir le slándáil agus athrú aeráide.

Ar ndóigh, tá ról neartú BRICS ina ábhar mór imní do na Stáit Aontaithe agus don Iarthar comhchoiteann, rud atá i bhfabhar caidreamh déthaobhach a fhorbairt, lena n-áirítear le comhpháirtithe ar chonair na n-athchóirithe daonlathacha.

I measc na stáit a rinne léim sa treo seo tá an Chasacstáin faoi cheannas Kasym-Jomart Tokayev.

At the dawn of Kazakhstan’s independence in 1992, Tokayev was appointed deputy foreign minister, and in 1994 he rose to become the country’s foreign policy chief.

I mí an Mhárta 1999, rinneadh Leas-Phríomh-Aire na Casacstáine Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, agus i mí Dheireadh Fómhair na bliana céanna rinneadh Príomh-Aire de. In 2002, d’fhill sé ar thaidhleoireacht mar Aire Gnóthaí Eachtracha, agus i mí Eanáir 2007 rinneadh Cainteoir de chuid Sheanad na Parlaiminte de.

Aiseolas

Tokayev was widely known abroad thanks to his work as a diplomat. And this is reflected, for example, in the fact that in 2011 he became Deputy Secretary General of the UN – Director General of the UN office in Geneva, as well as personal representative of the UN Secretary General at the Conference on Disarmament. No Kazakhstani has ever managed to reach such great heights at the international level before.

Tar éis dhá bhliain d’obair i struchtúr na Náisiún Aontaithe, d’fhill sé ar an gCasacstáin, agus bhí post aige mar Cainteoir Sheanad na Parlaiminte arís in 2013. D’oibrigh sé sa phost seo go dtí Márta 2019, nuair, tar éis do Nursultan Nazarbayev éirí as, ceapadh é ina Uachtarán nua ar Phoblacht na Casacstáine agus Bunreacht na Casacstáine á chomhlíonadh go hiomlán aige. Bhuaigh sé luaththoghcháin uachtaránachta ansin in 2019 agus 2022.

Tá sé tábhachtach go mbeadh a fhios ag beathaisnéis Kasym-Jomart Tokayev chun a thuiscint gur thug a chuid oibre fada mar thaidhleoir idirnáisiúnta agus a shaothar i bpoist ardbhainistíochta laistigh de Chasacstáin tuiscint dó ar cad is gá a athrú sa tír chun saol na saoránach a dhéanamh. níos fearr agus an stát féin níos láidre. Ó tháinig sé ina uachtarán, chaith sé é féin go hiomlán lena chuid oibre agus ní fiú, trína admháil féin, a bhreithlá a cheiliúradh. In 2023, caitheann sé é sa tSín le haghaidh cainteanna le ceannaire an Impireacht Celestial, Xi Jinping.

Níos mó cumhachta do na daoine

Faoin am seo, tá roinnt leasuithe tábhachtacha tugtha isteach cheana féin ag Uachtarán na Casaicis Kasym-Jomart Tokayev a laghdaigh a chumhachtaí agus a neartaíonn seasamh na parlaiminte agus na sochaí sibhialta.

Mar shampla, mhéadaigh sé téarma oifige an chinn stáit sa Chasacstáin go dtí seacht mbliana, ach ní féidir le Tokayev é féin ná uachtaráin na todhchaí a bheith ag rith ar feadh an dara téarma. Le linn dó a chumhachtaí a fheidhmiú, níl cead ag uachtarán na Casacstáine baint le páirtithe polaitíochta, agus é fós ina fhórsa polaitiúil comhréidh.

Ní féidir le garghaolta an Uachtaráin poist de státseirbhísigh pholaitiúla ná de cheannairí cuideachtaí faoi úinéireacht an stáit a shealbhú. Tokayev eisiamh freisin ó na dlíthe go léir noirm maidir le cumhachtaí agus stádas an chéad uachtarán Nursultan Nazarbayev. Go bunúsach, d'eisiaigh sé seo an dara ceann ó phróisis pholaitiúla sa tír.

At the same time, the parliament was strengthened. Now the Senate, the upper house of parliament, gives its consent to the appointment of the chairman of the Constitutional Court and the Supreme Judicial Council. There was also a return to a mixed – proportional-majoritarian – system of formation of the Majilis, i.e. the lower house of parliament. Now one third of the Majilis deputies are elected in single-mandate constituencies from the regions, i.e. representation of the regions in the legislative body has been restored.

The election of akims is being expanded – from 2023, direct elections of akims of districts and cities of regional significance will be held in a pilot mode. The akims of villages are already directly elected. Thanks to this, citizens are more involved in public administration, and the akims (mayors) themselves are most interested in working for the benefit of local residents.

It is also important to note the liberalisation of laws on rallies and peaceful assemblies. While previously it was necessary to obtain permits from local akimats (mayor’s offices), when Tokayev came to power, a notification procedure was introduced. That is, now activists just need to notify the authorities about where and when their rally will take place. And the notifications themselves are needed only to ensure security, not to control or disperse those gathered.

Tokayev also finally banned the death penalty as a punishment in Kazakhstan, bringing the country’s laws into line with international standards. This type of punishment has already been excluded from the criminal code and all laws where execution was mentioned.

And all this – the reduction of presidential powers, the strengthening of civil society and freedom of speech and assembly – is happening in the heart of Central Asia, where historically the position of “strong” government has been strong. In a region where leaders have ruled for decades, Tokayev has set out to build a democratic state where the nation’s interests are paramount and there is no room for monopoly of power or anything else.

Toisc go bhfuil an Chasacstáin ag bogadh i dtreo sochaí dhaonlathach, agus go bhfuil céimeanna tromchúiseacha déanta ag Tokayev chun an tír a aistriú go leibhéal nua, tá gach seans ag an gCasacstáin a bheith ina cheannaire i dtéarmaí forbartha ar an mór-roinn agus fíor-oileán cobhsaíochta a chruthú. sa gheopholaitíocht reatha.

Against the background of such changes, US President Joe Biden’s invitation to dialogue looks like a logical step and may serve Kazakhstan’s national interests.

Comhroinn an t-alt seo:

Foilsíonn Tuairisceoir an AE ailt ó fhoinsí éagsúla seachtracha a chuireann raon leathan dearcthaí in iúl. Ní gá gur seasaimh Tuairisceoir an AE iad na seasaimh a ghlactar sna hairteagail seo.

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