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An Pholainn

Top EU court strikes down more of Poland’s judicial overhaul

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The top European Union court on Monday (5 June) struck down more elements of Poland’s sweeping judicial overhaul for violating the bloc’s democracy tenets, adding to pressure on the ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party which faces an election this autumn.

Tá a cáil caillte ag an bPolainn, an tír iar-chumannach is mó san AE, mar leanbh póstaer d’aistriú daonlathach, chomh maith le rochtain ar na billiúin cistí AE i gcathanna géara smachta an dlí leis an Iarthar liobrálach ó tháinig PiS i gcumhacht in Éirinn. 2015.

On Monday, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) said that publishing online declarations of judges’ memberships of associations, non-profit foundations or political parties violated their right to privacy and could be used to sway them.

Liostaigh an chúirt atá lonnaithe i Lucsamburg an ghné sin mar aon le go leor eile san ollchóiriú breithiúnach PIS a bhí ag déanamh dochair do neamhspleáchas na mbreithiúna, agus a bhain an bonn den smacht reachta dá bharr.

“The Polish justice reform of December 2019 infringes EU law,” a court statement said. “The value of the rule of law is an integral part of the very identity of the European Union.”

A hardline deputy justice minister of Poland, Sebastian Kaleta, swiftly dismissed the ruling as “farce”.

The case was brought by the EU executive European Commission, which holds the bloc’s budget and is tasked with enforcing joint laws in all 27 member states. The lawsuit was backed by Belgium, Finland, Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands.

Tá an rialú críochnaitheach, rud a chiallaíonn go gcaithfidh an Pholainn leasú a dhéanamh anois ar na gnéithe dá socrú breithiúnach a measann an ECJ go bhfuil siad mídhleathach. Mura ndéanfaidh Vársá é sin, d’fhéadfadh an ECJ pionóis airgeadais breise a ghearradh.

Aiseolas

In 2021, the ECJ ruled that the broader system introduced by the PiS to police Polish judges also went against EU laws. It later imposed daily fines of €1 million for Warsaw’s failure to dissolve it before lowering them to €500,000 a day last April after Poland made some amends.

Polish EU Affairs Minster Szymon Szynkowski vel Sek said that some of the issues pointed to by the ECJ had already been addressed. “This challenged legal status has undergone significant changes, it has been amended,” he told reporters.

Deir léirmheastóirí PI sa bhaile agus thar lear, áfach, go bhfuil na hathruithe fadréimseacha tar éis cúirteanna agus breithiúna na Polainne a nochtadh d’imní polaitíochta díreach. Séanann siad an PiS freisin as srian a chur ar chearta na mban, na ndaoine LADT agus na n-imirceach.

Upset with the PiS’ track-record on democracy, the European Commission blocked Warsaw’s access to 35.5 billion euros of COVID stimulus and billions more in funds meant to help poorer member countries catch up on development.

Ag súile don toghchán atá ar tí, dúirt páirtithe an fhreasúra a agóid they organised in Warsaw to galvanise support gathered half a million people last Sunday. But the PiS’ mix of extensive social spending and firebrand nationalism has long proven attractive in the country of 38 million people, a NATO ally bordering Ukraine where Russia is now waging a war.

Tugann pobalbhreitheanna le fios go mbeadh PI fós sa chéad áit sa toghchán a bhfuiltear ag súil leis i mí Dheireadh Fómhair nó i mí na Samhna, cé go bhféadfadh sé go dtitfeadh sé gann ó shuíocháin pharlaiminteacha chun rialú a dhéanamh ina n-aonar.

Comhroinn an t-alt seo:

Foilsíonn Tuairisceoir an AE ailt ó fhoinsí éagsúla seachtracha a chuireann raon leathan dearcthaí in iúl. Ní gá gur seasaimh Tuairisceoir an AE iad na seasaimh a ghlactar sna hairteagail seo.

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