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Cuireann pléasc Bancác amhras ar thurasóireacht na Téalainne

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Úsáidimid do shíniú suas chun ábhar a sholáthar ar bhealaí ar thoiligh tú leo agus chun ár dtuiscint ortsa a fheabhsú. Is féidir leat díliostáil ag am ar bith.

Thailand-Explosion_AppeThe devastating recent blast that killed 20 people,  half of them foreigners, in Bangkok undermines the current regime's claim to safeguard internal security and casts serious doubt on the immediate future of the country's lucrative tourism trade. 

Visitors from Britain, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Singapore and Malaysia were among the victims in the bombing at the Erawan shrine – a popular tourist attraction that typifies the kingdom’s unusual blend of Hindu and Buddhist traditions.

Earlier this week, the former Thai Prime Minister, Yingluck Shinawatra,took to social media to voice her concern and condolence over the tragedy, saying, "I would like to express condolences to the relatives of the deceased and those injured in bomb attacks in Ratchaprasong. I condemn those behind the bombings, which constitutes inhumane acts.

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"This is a serious trangression against the rule of law causing enormous damage to life and property of the people. In addition, the suffering inflicted on innocent lives.The disaster brings severe negative effect on the image of confidence and to the overall economy as well."

She added: "I call upon the authorities to deploy all resources necessary at full capacity to contain the damage and salvage the situation back to normal soonest possible."  Deep political divisions in the capital formed the backdrop to the deadly bombing and Thailand has suffered years of political turmoil but never a large peace-time bombing in the capital like that at the Erawan shrine. The military junta, headed by General Prayuth which took power in a coup during May 2014, had vowed to bring stability and heal the country.  The junta immediately sought to put blame for the attack on opposition in the north east of Thailand but despite this, many international observers agree that the attack represents an important breach of its pledge to maintain order.

According to the junta, their legitimacy rests not on popular elections or the purveying of democratic freedoms but on their claim to provide stability and security.  But, amid intense speculation as to the identity of the perpetrator and accomplices - and regardless of who the bomber is - the attack itself will inevitably call into question the fundamental premise on which the military junta’s legitimacy has been based since the coup: the return of security and stability.  Aside from security issues there is also growing concern about the potential impact of tourism, a long time bedrock of the Thai economy, which had started to improve since the coup.  In the five days following the bombing, travel bookings to Thailand suffered a 65 percent drop compared to the same period last year.

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Business travel from China to Thailand also reportedly saw a drop of more than 350 percent.  There are fears now that tourism will slump as is the case in Tunisia following the devastating beach attack there earlier this year.  British nationals make over 900,000 visits to Thailand every year and since the attack the Foreign and Commonwealth Office has updated its travel advice to Thailand.

It says that while most visits are trouble-free there have been attacks,sometimes violent.  It points out that on 1 February there were 2 explosions at the Siam station of Bangkok’s Skytrain (BTS) system, near the entrance to the Siam Paragon shopping mall. One person was injured. On 10 April a car bomb exploded in the underground car park of the Central Festival shopping mall in Bho Phut on the island of Koh Samui. Seven people were injured in the explosion, including one foreigner.

The FCO said "There is a high threat from terrorism and we advise against all but essential travel to the provinces of Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and Songkhla on the Thai-Malaysia border."  It goes on to state that martial law was in place across Thailand until 1 April when it was lifted from all areas except the southern provinces of Pattani, Yala and Narathiwat, the Sadao district of Songkhla province and some border areas.  "However," it says, "Article 44 of the interim constitution gives General Prayuth wide powers to continue to take action to enforce law and order and restrictions remain on freedom of assembly and expression. Before the military coup there were large-scale demonstrations and protests in Bangkok and other cities. Some of these were violent."  It says visitors should "avoid any protests, political gatherings, demonstrations or marches."  The FCO adds, "A number of media outlets have been taken off air and some internet sites remain blocked. It’s illegal to criticize the coup and visitors should be wary of making political statements in public."

The haste with which the crime scene at the shrine was cleaned has also been questioned, with some suggesting it was done in a rush to restore public confidence, possibly at the expense of collecting more evidence. The area was hosed down less than 24 hours after the blast, and the bomb crater was patched over in less than 48.  Since the removal of Yingluck Shinawatra, the former democratically elected leader, recent events in Thailand have been marked by the promulgation of a highly controversial new constitution, or Thai charter, and efforts by the coup plotters to further curb Shinawatra's lingering influence and popularity.

The regime claims that the aim has been to restore stability but any success it may have had has come at a cost. Martial law was declared (it was eventually lifted ten months after the coup), civil liberties curtailed, opposition suppressed, and the legal reach of the state extended  One EU based foreign affairs expert said, "The most convenient move the regime can make is to blame the attacks on political opponents.But regardless, the bombing poses considerable challenges for the military junta in the here and now.  "Further actions that might entail the curtailing of freedoms would likely have negative repercussions on the legitimacy of the junta in the eyes of the population."

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Neartóidh eisiúint bannaí glasa ról idirnáisiúnta an euro

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Phléigh airí an Ghrúpa Euro ról idirnáisiúnta an euro (15 Feabhra), tar éis fhoilsiú chumarsáid an Choimisiúin Eorpaigh an (19 Eanáir), ‘Córas eacnamaíoch agus airgeadais na hEorpa: neart agus athléimneacht a chothú’.

Dúirt Uachtarán an Ghrúpa Euro, Paschal Donohoe: “Is í an aidhm ár spleáchas ar airgeadraí eile a laghdú, agus ár n-uathriail a neartú i gcásanna éagsúla. Ag an am céanna, tugann úsáid idirnáisiúnta méadaithe ár n-airgeadra le tuiscint go bhfuil comhbhabhtálacha féideartha ann, a leanfaimid orainn ag déanamh monatóireachta orthu. Le linn na díospóireachta, leag na hairí béim ar acmhainneacht eisiúna bannaí glasa chun úsáid an euro ag na margaí a fheabhsú agus rannchuidigh lenár gcuspóir maidir le haistriú aeráide a bhaint amach. "

Phléigh an Eurogroup an cheist arís agus arís eile le blianta beaga anuas ó Chruinniú Mullaigh Euro Nollaig 2018. Dúirt Klaus Regling, stiúrthóir bainistíochta an tSásra Cobhsaíochta Eorpaigh go raibh rioscaí ag baint le ró-spleáchas ar an dollar, ag tabhairt Meiriceá Laidineach agus géarchéim na hÁise sna 90idí mar shamplaí. Thagair sé go dronuilleach do “eipeasóid níos déanaí” nuair a chiallaigh ceannas an dollar nach bhféadfadh cuideachtaí AE leanúint ag obair leis an Iaráin i bhfianaise smachtbhannaí na SA. Creideann Regling go bhfuil an córas airgeadaíochta idirnáisiúnta ag bogadh go mall i dtreo córais ilpholaraigh ina mbeidh trí nó ceithre airgeadraí tábhachtach, lena n-áirítear an dollar, an euro agus renminbi. 

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D’aontaigh an Coimisinéir Eorpach um Gheilleagar, Paolo Gentiloni, go bhféadfaí ról an euro a neartú trí bhannaí glasa a eisiúint ag feabhsú úsáid an euro ag na margaí agus ag cur lenár gcuspóirí aeráide de chistí AE na Chéad Ghlúine Eile a bhaint amach.

Chomhaontaigh na hAirí go raibh gá le gníomh leathan chun tacú le ról idirnáisiúnta an euro, ag cuimsiú dul chun cinn i measc rudaí eile, an tAontas Eacnamaíoch agus Airgeadaíochta, an tAontas Baincéireachta agus Aontas na Margaí Caipitil chun ról idirnáisiúnta na euro a dhaingniú.

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Tacaíonn cúirt Eorpach um chearta an duine leis an nGearmáin maidir le cás aerstráice Kunduz

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Chomhlíon imscrúdú na Gearmáine ar aerstráice marfach 2009 gar do chathair Kunduz na hAfganastáine a d’ordaigh ceannasaí Gearmánach a oibleagáidí ceart chun beatha, rialaigh Cúirt Eorpach um Chearta an Duine Dé Máirt (16 Feabhra), scríobhann .

Diúltaíonn rialú na cúirte atá bunaithe i Strasbourg do ghearán ó shaoránach Afganach, Abdul Hanan, a chaill beirt mhac san ionsaí, nár chomhlíon an Ghearmáin a hoibleagáid an eachtra a imscrúdú go héifeachtach.

I mí Mheán Fómhair 2009, ghlaoigh ceannasaí na Gearmáine ar thrúpaí NATO i Kunduz i scaird trodaire de chuid na SA dhá thrucail bhreosla a bhualadh gar don chathair a chreid NATO a rinne na ceannaircigh Taliban a fhuadach.

Dúirt rialtas na hAfganastáine ag an am gur maraíodh 99 duine, 30 sibhialtach ina measc. Maraíodh grúpaí cearta neamhspleácha a mheastar a bhí idir 60 agus 70 sibhialtach.

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Chuir dola an bháis iontas ar na Gearmánaigh agus chuir sé iallach ar a aire cosanta éirí as líomhaintí faoi chlúdach líon na dtaismeach sibhialta sa tréimhse roimh thoghchán na Gearmáine 2009.

Fuair ​​ionchúisitheoir ginearálta cónaidhme na Gearmáine nár thabhaigh an ceannasaí dliteanas coiriúil, go príomha toisc go raibh sé cinnte nuair a d’ordaigh sé don aerstráice nach raibh aon sibhialtach i láthair.

Chun go mbeadh sé faoi dhliteanas faoin dlí idirnáisiúnta, chaithfí a fháil gur ghníomhaigh sé le hintinn taismigh iomarcacha sibhialtacha a chur faoi deara.

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Bhreithnigh Cúirt Eorpach um Chearta an Duine éifeachtacht imscrúdú na Gearmáine, lena n-áirítear ar bhunaigh sí údar le húsáid marfach fórsa. Níor bhreithnigh sé dlíthiúlacht an aerstráice.

As 9,600 trúpa NATO san Afganastáin, tá an dara teagmhas is mó ag an nGearmáin taobh thiar de na Stáit Aontaithe.

Iarrann comhaontú síochána 2020 idir an Taliban agus Washington ar trúpaí eachtracha tarraingt siar faoin 1 Bealtaine, ach tá riarachán Uachtarán na Stát Aontaithe Joe Biden ag athbhreithniú an mhargaidh tar éis meath ar staid na slándála san Afganastáin.

Tá an Ghearmáin ag ullmhú chun an sainordú dá misean míleata san Afganastáin a leathnú ón 31 Márta go dtí deireadh na bliana seo, agus leibhéil na trúpaí fágtha ag suas le 1,300, de réir dréachtcháipéis a chonaic Reuters.

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Córais ceartais an AE a dhigitiú: Seolann an Coimisiún comhairliúchán poiblí ar chomhoibriú breithiúnach trasteorann

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An 16 Feabhra, sheol an Coimisiún Eorpach a comhairliúchán poiblí ar nuachóiriú chórais cheartais an AE. Tá sé mar aidhm ag an AE tacú le ballstáit ina n-iarrachtaí a gcórais ceartais a oiriúnú don aois dhigiteach agus feabhas a chur orthu Comhoibriú breithiúnach trasteorann an AE. An Coimisinéir Dlí agus Cirt Didier Reynders (sa phictiúr) Dúirt: “Chuir paindéim COVID-19 béim bhreise ar thábhacht an dhigitithe, lena n-áirítear i réimse an cheartais. Teastaíonn uirlisí digiteacha ó bhreithiúna agus ó dhlíodóirí le go mbeidh siad in ann oibriú le chéile níos tapa agus níos éifeachtaí.

Ag an am céanna, teastaíonn uirlisí ar líne ó shaoránaigh agus ó ghnólachtaí chun rochtain níos éasca agus níos trédhearcaí ar cheartas a fháil ar chostas níos ísle. Déanann an Coimisiún a dhícheall an próiseas seo a bhrú ar aghaidh agus tacú le ballstáit ina n-iarrachtaí, lena n-áirítear maidir lena gcomhar i nósanna imeachta breithiúnacha trasteorann a éascú trí bhealaí digiteacha a úsáid. " I mí na Nollag 2020, ghlac an Coimisiún a cumarsáide ag tabhairt breac-chuntas ar na gníomhartha agus na tionscnaimh atá beartaithe chun digitiú na gcóras ceartais ar fud an AE a chur chun cinn.

Baileoidh an comhairliúchán poiblí tuairimí maidir le nósanna imeachta sibhialta, tráchtála agus coiriúla trasteorann an AE a dhigitiú. Torthaí an chomhairliúcháin phoiblí, inar féidir le raon leathan grúpaí agus daoine aonair páirt a ghlacadh agus atá ar fáil anseo go dtí an 8 Bealtaine 2021, cuirfidh sé le tionscnamh maidir le comharú breithiúnach trasteorann a dhigitiú a bhfuil súil leis ag deireadh na bliana seo mar a fógraíodh sa 2021 Clár Oibre an Choimisiúin.

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