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lucht sciúrtha airgid líomhnaithe i gcás Magnitsky chun trialach i Nua-Eabhrac

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Úsáidimid do shíniú suas chun ábhar a sholáthar ar bhealaí ar thoiligh tú leo agus chun ár dtuiscint ortsa a fheabhsú. Is féidir leat díliostáil ag am ar bith.

magnitsky_1526857cAr 6 eanáir 2016, the US federal court in the Southern District of New York will hear the money laundering and civil forfeiture case - United States of America versus Prevezon Holdings Ltd (No 1: 13-cv-06326).  This will be the first US legal action connected to the $230 million corrupt scheme uncovered and exposed by the late Sergei Magnitsky.

The trial is based on one facet of a $230 million tax rebate fraud, whose proceeds previously have been traced to Swiss banks and real estate in Dubai.

According to the complaint filed by the US Department of Justice, Prevezon Holdings Ltd received nearly two million dollars connected to the $230 million fraud scheme exposed by Sergei Magnitsky, and invested comingled proceeds in multi-million dollar properties in Manhattan.

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The complaint alleges that shortly after the $230 million fraud was perpetrated, Prevezon received several wire transfers from the fraud through shell companies stating fictitious reasons. For example, some of the wire transfers were described as payments for bath sets and auto parts, while Prevezon is a real estate company that has nothing to do with manufacturing or trading either of these goods.

Prevezon is a company owned by Denis Katsyv, the 38-year old son of the vice president of Russian Railways and former Transportation Minister of the Moscow Region former Transportation Minister of the Moscow Region in Russia Petr Katsyv.

The US Department of Justice’s filing says: “Russian criminal organization including corrupt Russian government officials defrauded Russian taxpayers of approximately 5.4 billion rubles, or approximately $230 million in United States dollars, through an elaborate tax refund fraud scheme. After perpetrating this fraud, members of the Organization have undertaken illegal actions in order to conceal this fraud and retaliate against individuals who attempted to expose it. As a result of these retaliatory actions, Sergei Magnitsky, a Russian attorney who exposed the fraud scheme, was falsely arrested and died in pretrial detention.”

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“Members of the Organization, and associates of those members, have also engaged in a broad pattern of money laundering in order to conceal the proceeds of the fraud scheme. This money laundering activity has included the purchase of pieces of Manhattan real estate with funds commingled with fraud proceeds,” says the filing.

Specifically, a month after $230 million were stolen from the Russian Treasury, over $857,000 of stolen funds were wired from Russia via Moldovan shell companies to Prevezon’s account in Switzerland. The wire transfers were described as payments for acrylic bath sets “Doctor Jet”, Sicilia (Italy), with dimensions of 190 x 120/95 x 65, when Prevezon did not sell these bath sets.

Bath 'Doctor Jet'

The first wire to Prevezon of $410,000 came on 6 February 2008, purportedly for 280 bathtubs. The second wire to Prevezon of $447,354 on 13 February 2008 purportedly for 306 bathtubs. Both came from shell Moldovan companies, Bunicon Impex and Elenast Com, that did not engage in any legitimate activity.

In addition to these wires, Prevezon received $1,108,090.55 during February and March of 2008 in proceeds from the $230 million fraud scheme, according to the US Government’s complaint

These additional transfers came from a BVI company, described in the US Government’s filing as “Company-1,” as purported payments for “auto spare parts”. The BVI company, in turn, accumulated funds from the same Moldova’s Bunicon Impex via two intermediary shell companies, Megacom Transit and Castlefront, who both had the same nominee administrator, a Latvian citizen Voldemar Spatz, who was listed as director of over 200 New Zealand companies.

“As of March 20, 2008, the real estate company Prevezon Holdings had received a total of at least $1,965,444.55 in proceeds from the $230 Million Fraud Scheme from three different companies, Bunicon, Elenast, and Company-1, in wire transfers describing the funds as prepayment for sanitary equipment or for automotive spare parts.”

The US Government’s filing identifies six further payments to Prevezon made between February and June 2008 that it identifies as “false and questionable”:

  1. On February 14, 2008, Prevezon Holdings Ltd received $70,000 from the Belize company Mobiner Trade Ltd. purportedly for “technical equipment”.
  1. On May 12, 2008, Prevezon Holdings received 93,717.03 euros from British Virgin Islands company Genesis Trading Investments Ltd. purportedly for “computer equipment”.
  1. In two transfers on May 29 and June 4, 2008, Prevezon Holdings received $697,408.30 from the Belize company Cefron Invest Ltd. purportedly for “computer equipment.”
  1. On May 30, 2008, Prevezon Holdings received $272,400 from Apasitto Ltd. purportedly for “video equipment”.
  1. On June 4, 2008, Prevezon Holdings received $292,039.18 from the Cyprus company Nysorko Ltd. purportedly for “home appliances”.
  1. On June 13, 2008, Prevezon Holdings received $779,128.80 from the Cyprus company Weldar Holdings Limited purportedly for “goods”.

“At all relevant times, Prevezon Holdings was not in the business of supplying sanitary equipment, auto spare parts, technical equipment, computer equipment, video equipment, home appliances, or other goods. During this time period, these false and questionable payments represented the substantial majority of the inflows into the Prevezon Holdings,” says the US Department of Justice in their civil forfeiture and money laundering complaint.

Prevezon said in their defence that the funds came from Moldova to their Swiss account from a Russian investor called Mr Petrov, according to a PR representative of Denis Katsyv, cited in the US Government’s complaint: “Representative-1 stated that the funds involved in the February 2008 Bunicon and Elenast Transfers derived from a deal between Krit [associate of Denis Katsyv] and “his friend, a Mr. Petrov.” Representative-1 claimed that “Mr. Petrov” and Krit “agreed jointly to develop a business based on investments in and management of property. Under the agreement Mr. Petrov was to transfer funds to Prevezon for this purpose.”

The US government’s complaint also asserts that Denis Katsyv, the owner of Prevezon Holdings Ltd, had previous issues connected to money laundering in the State of Israel. In the Israeli proceedings, a company wholly owned by Katsyv, had 35 million shekels (worth approximately U.S. $8 million in 2005) confiscated by the State of Israel as part of a settlement based on the State of Israel’s allegations that the company had violated Israel’s Prohibition of Money Laundering Law.

The US Government seeks in this action to seize the Manhattan properties and US assets of Prevezon Holdings and impose money laundering penalties.

The case was brought to the attention of the US Government by the Justice for Sergei Magnitsky campaign in December 2012. It is one of many investigations around the world into the beneficiaries of the $230 million fraud uncovered by Sergei Magnitsky.

A year before the US Government launched its suit against Prevezon Holdings in the US court, in September 2012, the Swiss General Prosecutor froze the accounts of Denis Katsyv, Prevezon Holdings and related persons in connection with the same $230 million fraud. When Denis Katsyv sought to unfreeze his accounts in the Swiss courts, his application was rejected.

Now, around US$40 million have been frozen worldwide in the legal proceedings connected to the $230 million fraud and money laundering, including in Switzerland, France, Luxembourg and Monaco.

Justice for Sergei Magnitsky campaign has been assisting the prosecuting authorities to seek justice and identify beneficiaries of the crime exposed by Sergei Magnitsky and those who benefited from his murder in Russian police custody six years ago, in November 2009, after he testified about the complicity of Russian Interior Ministry officials in the largest known tax refund fraud in Russian history.

“Since the death of Sergei Magnitsky, Russian officials involved in his wrongful arrest, torture and murder, have been exonerated, honoured and promoted. As it has proven impossible to get justice inside Russia today, we are looking outside of Russia for information on who benefited from the crime Sergei Magnitsky uncovered so that they face justice,” said a representative of the Justice for Sergei Magnitsky campaign.

Sergei Magnitsky, a Russian lawyer, uncovered the largest publicly-known corruption case in Russia involving the theft of $230 million, and testified about it naming complicit Russian officials. He was arrested by some of the implicated officials, held in pre-trial detention for 358 days, and killed in Russian police custody on 16 November 2009.  After Sergei Magnitsky’s death, the Russian government promoted and honoured officials involved in his detention and death.

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Neartóidh eisiúint bannaí glasa ról idirnáisiúnta an euro

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Phléigh airí an Ghrúpa Euro ról idirnáisiúnta an euro (15 Feabhra), tar éis fhoilsiú chumarsáid an Choimisiúin Eorpaigh an (19 Eanáir), ‘Córas eacnamaíoch agus airgeadais na hEorpa: neart agus athléimneacht a chothú’.

Dúirt Uachtarán an Ghrúpa Euro, Paschal Donohoe: “Is í an aidhm ár spleáchas ar airgeadraí eile a laghdú, agus ár n-uathriail a neartú i gcásanna éagsúla. Ag an am céanna, tugann úsáid idirnáisiúnta méadaithe ár n-airgeadra le tuiscint go bhfuil comhbhabhtálacha féideartha ann, a leanfaimid orainn ag déanamh monatóireachta orthu. Le linn na díospóireachta, leag na hairí béim ar acmhainneacht eisiúna bannaí glasa chun úsáid an euro ag na margaí a fheabhsú agus rannchuidigh lenár gcuspóir maidir le haistriú aeráide a bhaint amach. "

Phléigh an Eurogroup an cheist arís agus arís eile le blianta beaga anuas ó Chruinniú Mullaigh Euro Nollaig 2018. Dúirt Klaus Regling, stiúrthóir bainistíochta an tSásra Cobhsaíochta Eorpaigh go raibh rioscaí ag baint le ró-spleáchas ar an dollar, ag tabhairt Meiriceá Laidineach agus géarchéim na hÁise sna 90idí mar shamplaí. Thagair sé go dronuilleach do “eipeasóid níos déanaí” nuair a chiallaigh ceannas an dollar nach bhféadfadh cuideachtaí AE leanúint ag obair leis an Iaráin i bhfianaise smachtbhannaí na SA. Creideann Regling go bhfuil an córas airgeadaíochta idirnáisiúnta ag bogadh go mall i dtreo córais ilpholaraigh ina mbeidh trí nó ceithre airgeadraí tábhachtach, lena n-áirítear an dollar, an euro agus renminbi. 

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D’aontaigh an Coimisinéir Eorpach um Gheilleagar, Paolo Gentiloni, go bhféadfaí ról an euro a neartú trí bhannaí glasa a eisiúint ag feabhsú úsáid an euro ag na margaí agus ag cur lenár gcuspóirí aeráide de chistí AE na Chéad Ghlúine Eile a bhaint amach.

Chomhaontaigh na hAirí go raibh gá le gníomh leathan chun tacú le ról idirnáisiúnta an euro, ag cuimsiú dul chun cinn i measc rudaí eile, an tAontas Eacnamaíoch agus Airgeadaíochta, an tAontas Baincéireachta agus Aontas na Margaí Caipitil chun ról idirnáisiúnta na euro a dhaingniú.

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Tacaíonn cúirt Eorpach um chearta an duine leis an nGearmáin maidir le cás aerstráice Kunduz

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Chomhlíon imscrúdú na Gearmáine ar aerstráice marfach 2009 gar do chathair Kunduz na hAfganastáine a d’ordaigh ceannasaí Gearmánach a oibleagáidí ceart chun beatha, rialaigh Cúirt Eorpach um Chearta an Duine Dé Máirt (16 Feabhra), scríobhann .

Diúltaíonn rialú na cúirte atá bunaithe i Strasbourg do ghearán ó shaoránach Afganach, Abdul Hanan, a chaill beirt mhac san ionsaí, nár chomhlíon an Ghearmáin a hoibleagáid an eachtra a imscrúdú go héifeachtach.

I mí Mheán Fómhair 2009, ghlaoigh ceannasaí na Gearmáine ar thrúpaí NATO i Kunduz i scaird trodaire de chuid na SA dhá thrucail bhreosla a bhualadh gar don chathair a chreid NATO a rinne na ceannaircigh Taliban a fhuadach.

Dúirt rialtas na hAfganastáine ag an am gur maraíodh 99 duine, 30 sibhialtach ina measc. Maraíodh grúpaí cearta neamhspleácha a mheastar a bhí idir 60 agus 70 sibhialtach.

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Chuir dola an bháis iontas ar na Gearmánaigh agus chuir sé iallach ar a aire cosanta éirí as líomhaintí faoi chlúdach líon na dtaismeach sibhialta sa tréimhse roimh thoghchán na Gearmáine 2009.

Fuair ​​ionchúisitheoir ginearálta cónaidhme na Gearmáine nár thabhaigh an ceannasaí dliteanas coiriúil, go príomha toisc go raibh sé cinnte nuair a d’ordaigh sé don aerstráice nach raibh aon sibhialtach i láthair.

Chun go mbeadh sé faoi dhliteanas faoin dlí idirnáisiúnta, chaithfí a fháil gur ghníomhaigh sé le hintinn taismigh iomarcacha sibhialtacha a chur faoi deara.

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Bhreithnigh Cúirt Eorpach um Chearta an Duine éifeachtacht imscrúdú na Gearmáine, lena n-áirítear ar bhunaigh sí údar le húsáid marfach fórsa. Níor bhreithnigh sé dlíthiúlacht an aerstráice.

As 9,600 trúpa NATO san Afganastáin, tá an dara teagmhas is mó ag an nGearmáin taobh thiar de na Stáit Aontaithe.

Iarrann comhaontú síochána 2020 idir an Taliban agus Washington ar trúpaí eachtracha tarraingt siar faoin 1 Bealtaine, ach tá riarachán Uachtarán na Stát Aontaithe Joe Biden ag athbhreithniú an mhargaidh tar éis meath ar staid na slándála san Afganastáin.

Tá an Ghearmáin ag ullmhú chun an sainordú dá misean míleata san Afganastáin a leathnú ón 31 Márta go dtí deireadh na bliana seo, agus leibhéil na trúpaí fágtha ag suas le 1,300, de réir dréachtcháipéis a chonaic Reuters.

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Córais ceartais an AE a dhigitiú: Seolann an Coimisiún comhairliúchán poiblí ar chomhoibriú breithiúnach trasteorann

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An 16 Feabhra, sheol an Coimisiún Eorpach a comhairliúchán poiblí ar nuachóiriú chórais cheartais an AE. Tá sé mar aidhm ag an AE tacú le ballstáit ina n-iarrachtaí a gcórais ceartais a oiriúnú don aois dhigiteach agus feabhas a chur orthu Comhoibriú breithiúnach trasteorann an AE. An Coimisinéir Dlí agus Cirt Didier Reynders (sa phictiúr) Dúirt: “Chuir paindéim COVID-19 béim bhreise ar thábhacht an dhigitithe, lena n-áirítear i réimse an cheartais. Teastaíonn uirlisí digiteacha ó bhreithiúna agus ó dhlíodóirí le go mbeidh siad in ann oibriú le chéile níos tapa agus níos éifeachtaí.

Ag an am céanna, teastaíonn uirlisí ar líne ó shaoránaigh agus ó ghnólachtaí chun rochtain níos éasca agus níos trédhearcaí ar cheartas a fháil ar chostas níos ísle. Déanann an Coimisiún a dhícheall an próiseas seo a bhrú ar aghaidh agus tacú le ballstáit ina n-iarrachtaí, lena n-áirítear maidir lena gcomhar i nósanna imeachta breithiúnacha trasteorann a éascú trí bhealaí digiteacha a úsáid. " I mí na Nollag 2020, ghlac an Coimisiún a cumarsáide ag tabhairt breac-chuntas ar na gníomhartha agus na tionscnaimh atá beartaithe chun digitiú na gcóras ceartais ar fud an AE a chur chun cinn.

Baileoidh an comhairliúchán poiblí tuairimí maidir le nósanna imeachta sibhialta, tráchtála agus coiriúla trasteorann an AE a dhigitiú. Torthaí an chomhairliúcháin phoiblí, inar féidir le raon leathan grúpaí agus daoine aonair páirt a ghlacadh agus atá ar fáil anseo go dtí an 8 Bealtaine 2021, cuirfidh sé le tionscnamh maidir le comharú breithiúnach trasteorann a dhigitiú a bhfuil súil leis ag deireadh na bliana seo mar a fógraíodh sa 2021 Clár Oibre an Choimisiúin.

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