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Athrú aeráide

Deisceart na hEorpa ag ullmhú do shamhradh na triomach atá á spreagadh ag athrú aeráide

ROINN:

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Tá deis ag Deisceart na hEorpa samhradh lán d’aimsir thirim fíochmhar. Tá ganntanas uisce ag roinnt réigiún cheana féin, agus tá feirmeoirí ag súil leis na torthaí is ísle a bheidh acu le blianta beaga anuas.

Tá an réigiún ag déanamh níos teo de bharr athrú aeráide, agus tá na cúlchistí screamhuisce ídithe le blianta de thriomaigh. Sa Spáinn, i ndeisceart na Fraince agus san Iodáil, tá na hithreacha cnámh tirim. Tá leibhéal íseal abhann agus taiscumar ag bagairt táirgeadh hidreachumhachta an samhradh seo.

Tugann eolaithe rabhadh go mbeidh samhradh brúidiúil eile san Eoraip de réir mar a ardóidh an teocht. Anuraidh, bhí taithí ag an Eoraip ar a teo ar taifead, a spreag triomach a dúirt eolaithe an Aontais Eorpaigh go raibh an níos measa i ar a laghad Blianta 500.

Is í an Spáinn is measa atá buailte ag an ngéarchéim go dtí seo i mbliana.

Jorge Olcina is a professor of geography at the University of Alicante in Spain. He said that “the situation of drought will worsen this summer”.

At this stage, there’s also little chance that rain will resolve the drought. Olcina explained that at this time of year, “the only thing we could have is localized storms which would not solve the deficit in rainfall”.

In a letter to the European Commission on April 24, Spain’s agriculture minister Luis Planas requested emergency EU assistance. He warned that “the consequences of this drought are so severe that they cannot be addressed with national funds alone”.

TREOCHT AR ATHRUITHE AERÁIDE

Southern Europe isn’t the only region that has been hit by severe water shortages in this year. The Horn of Africa has experienced its an triomach is déine le blianta anuas. Meanwhile, a historic drought hit Argentina’s soy and corn crop.

Aiseolas

Tá sé tuartha ag eolaithe go mbeidh an t-athrú aeráide ina chúis le triomaigh níos minice agus níos déine i réigiún na Meánmhara, áit a bhfuil an teocht 1.5C níos teo anois ná mar a bhí 150 bliain ó shin.

Hayley Fowler is a Professor of Climate Change Impacts, Newcastle University. She said, “In terms the climate change signals, it fits very well with what we expect.”

Tá an t-ullmhúchán do na tuartha fadtréimhseacha seo chun deiridh fós. Tá go leor limistéar feirmeoireachta nach bhfuil glactha go fóill le teicnící coigilte uisce mar uisciúcháin beachta, nó aistrigh go barra atá resistant triomach ar nós lus na gréine.

According to the government website Propluvia, France has experienced its driest Winter since 1959. Drought “crisis alerts” have already been activated in four prefectures, restricting water withdrawals for non-priority uses, including agriculture.

Tá an Phortaingéil ag fulaingt freisin cuma luath of the drought. About 90% of Portugal’s mainland is experiencing drought. A severe drought affects one-fifth, which is five times more than the area reported just a year ago.

Sa Spáinn, áit a raibh báisteach níos lú ná leath an mheáin go dtí Aibreán na bliana seo, bhí na mílte ag brath trucailí chun uisce óil a sheachadadh. Tá srianta uisce curtha i bhfeidhm ag réigiúin ar nós na Catalóine.

Thuairiscigh grúpaí feirmeoireachta go raibh caillteanas barr suas le 80% tagtha ar roinnt feirmeoirí cheana féin. Bhí gránaigh agus síolta ola i measc na mbarr a ndearnadh difear dóibh.

Pekka Pesonen of the European farming association Copa-Cogeca said that Spain had suffered the worst harvest loss in decades. “It is worse than last year.”

According to the Commission, Spain produces half the EU’s olives and a third of its fruits.

An tseachtain seo caite, bhí leithdháilte more than €2 billion for emergency response funding. The Commission has not yet responded to its request that €450 million be taken from the EU’s budget for farming subsidies.

Dúirt an Coimisiún go raibh dlúthfhaireachán á dhéanamh aige ar an scéal.

“The severe drought in Southern Europe, is especially worrying. Not only for the farmers but also because it can drive up the already high prices of consumers if EU production is substantially lower,” said Miriam Garcia Ferrer, spokesperson for the Commission.

Táthar ag súil go dtarlóidh a leithéid de streachailt san Iodáil áit a n-úsáidtear suas le 80% den uisce don talmhaíocht. Tá sé beartaithe ag feirmeoirí na hIodáile a bplandáil a laghdú i mbliana mar gheall ar an gclúdach tanaí sneachta ar na sléibhte agus an taise ithreach íseal.

Luca Brocca is the director of Research for Italy’s National Research Council. He said that after two years of drought, northern Italy had a 70% deficit of snow water and a 40% deficiency of soil moisture.

D'fhéadfadh an samhradh seo caite a bheith mar thoradh ar na ganntanas mór seo, nuair a d'fhulaing an Iodáil é triomach is measa le haghaidh 70 bliana.

“2022 was truly exceptional,” said Brocca, adding: “This year also seems to be exceptional.”

Comhroinn an t-alt seo:

Foilsíonn Tuairisceoir an AE ailt ó fhoinsí éagsúla seachtracha a chuireann raon leathan dearcthaí in iúl. Ní gá gur seasaimh Tuairisceoir an AE iad na seasaimh a ghlactar sna hairteagail seo.

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