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Úsáidimid do shíniú suas chun ábhar a sholáthar ar bhealaí ar thoiligh tú leo agus chun ár dtuiscint ortsa a fheabhsú. Is féidir leat díliostáil ag am ar bith.

mario-DraghiMario Draghi, president of the ECB, Vítor Constâncio, vice president of the ECB, Frankfurt am Main, 3 December 2015

"Ladies and gentlemen, the Vice-President and I are very pleased to welcome you to our press conference. We will now report on the outcome of today’s meeting of the Governing Council, which was also attended by the Commission Vice-President, Mr Dombrovskis.

"Based on our regular economic and monetary analyses, we today conducted a thorough assessment of the strength and persistence of the factors that are currently slowing the return of inflation to levels below, but close to, 2% in the medium term and re-examined the degree of monetary accommodation. As a result, the Governing Council took the following decisions in the pursuit of its price stability objective:

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"First, as regards the key ECB interest rates, we decided to lower the interest rate on the deposit facility by 10 basis points to -0.30%. The interest rate on the main refinancing operations and the rate on the marginal lending facility will remain unchanged at their current levels of 0.05% and 0.30% respectively.

"Second, as regards non-standard monetary policy measures, we decided to extend the asset purchase programme (APP). The monthly purchases of €60 billion under the APP are now intended to run until the end of March 2017, or beyond, if necessary, and in any case until the Governing Council sees a sustained adjustment in the path of inflation consistent with its aim of achieving inflation rates below, but close to, 2% over the medium term.

"Third, we decided to reinvest the principal payments on the securities purchased under the APP as they mature, for as long as necessary. This will contribute both to favourable liquidity conditions and to an appropriate monetary policy stance. The technical details will be communicated in due time.

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"Fourth, we decided to include, in the public sector purchase programme, euro-denominated marketable debt instruments issued by regional and local governments located in the euro area in the list of assets that are eligible for regular purchases by the respective national central banks.

"Fifth, we decided to continue conducting the main refinancing operations and three-month longer-term refinancing operations as fixed rate tender procedures with full allotment for as long as necessary, and at least until the end of the last reserve maintenance period of 2017.

"Today’s decisions were taken in order to secure a return of inflation rates towards levels that are below, but close to, 2% and thereby to anchor medium-term inflation expectations. The latest staff projections incorporate the favourable financial market developments following our last monetary policy meeting. They still indicate continued downside risks to the inflation outlook and slightly weaker inflation dynamics than previously expected. This follows downward revisions in earlier projection exercises. The persistence of low inflation rates reflects sizeable economic slack weighing on domestic price pressures and headwinds from the external environment.

"Our new measures will ensure accommodative financial conditions and further strengthen the substantial easing impact of the measures taken since June 2014, which have had significant positive effects on financing conditions, credit and the real economy. Today’s decisions also reinforce the momentum of the euro area’s economic recovery and strengthen its resilience against recent global economic shocks. The Governing Council will closely monitor the evolution in the outlook for price stability and, if warranted, is willing and able to act by using all the instruments available within its mandate in order to maintain an appropriate degree of monetary accommodation. In particular, the Governing Council recalls that the APP provides sufficient flexibility in terms of adjusting its size, composition and duration.

"Let me now explain our assessment in greater detail, starting with the economic analysis. Euro area real GDP increased by 0.3%, quarter on quarter, in the third quarter of 2015, following a rise of 0.4% in the previous quarter, most likely on account of a continued positive contribution from consumption alongside more muted developments in investment and exports. The most recent survey indicators point to ongoing real GDP growth in the final quarter of the year. Looking ahead, we expect the economic recovery to proceed. Domestic demand should be further supported by our monetary policy measures and their favourable impact on financial conditions, as well as by the earlier progress made with fiscal consolidation and structural reforms. Moreover, low oil prices should provide support for households’ real disposable income and corporate profitability and, therefore, private consumption and investment. In addition, government expenditure is likely to increase in some parts of the euro area, reflecting measures in support of refugees. However, the economic recovery in the euro area continues to be dampened by subdued growth prospects in emerging markets and moderate global trade, the necessary balance sheet adjustments in a number of sectors and the sluggish pace of implementation of structural reforms.

"This outlook is broadly reflected in the December 2015 Eurosystem staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area, which foresee annual real GDP increasing by 1.5% in 2015, 1.7% in 2016 and 1.9% in 2017. Compared with the September 2015 ECB staff macroeconomic projections, the prospects for real GDP growth are broadly unchanged.

"The risks to the euro area growth outlook relate in particular to the heightened uncertainties regarding developments in the global economy as well as to broader geopolitical risks. These risks have the potential to weigh on global growth and foreign demand for euro area exports and on confidence more widely.

"According to Eurostat’s flash estimate, euro area annual HICP inflation was 0.1% in November 2015, unchanged from October but lower than expected. This reflected somewhat weaker price increases in services and industrial goods, mainly compensated for by a less negative contribution from energy prices. On the basis of the information available and current oil futures prices, annual HICP inflation rates are expected to rise at the turn of the year, mainly on account of base effects associated with the fall in oil prices in late 2014. During 2016 and 2017, inflation rates are foreseen to pick up further, supported by our previous monetary policy measures – and supplemented by those announced today – the expected economic recovery, and the pass-through of past declines in the euro exchange rate. The Governing Council will closely monitor the evolution of inflation rates over the period ahead.

"This broad pattern is also reflected in the December 2015 Eurosystem staff macroeconomic projections for the euro area, which foresee annual HICP inflation at 0.1% in 2015, 1.0% in 2016 and 1.6% in 2017. In comparison with the September 2015 ECB staff macroeconomic projections, the outlook for HICP inflation has been revised down slightly.

"Turning to the monetary analysis, recent data confirm solid growth in broad money (M3), with the annual rate of growth of M3 increasing to 5.3% in October 2015 from 4.9% in September. Annual growth in M3 continues to be mainly supported by its most liquid components, with the narrow monetary aggregate M1 growing at an annual rate of 11.8% in October, after 11.7% in September.

"Loan dynamics continued the path of gradual recovery observed since the beginning of 2014. The annual rate of change of loans to non-financial corporations (adjusted for loan sales and securitisation) increased to 0.6% in October, up from 0.1% in September. Despite these improvements, developments in loans to enterprises continue to reflect the lagged relationship with the business cycle, credit risk and the ongoing adjustment of financial and non-financial sector balance sheets. The annual growth rate of loans to households (adjusted for loan sales and securitisation) increased to 1.2% in October, compared with 1.1% in September. Overall, the monetary policy measures in place since June 2014 have clearly improved borrowing conditions for both firms and households and credit flows across the euro area.

"To sum up, a cross-check of the outcome of the economic analysis with the signals coming from the monetary analysis confirmed the need for further monetary stimulus in order to secure a return of inflation rates towards levels that are below, but close to, 2%.

"Monetary policy is focused on maintaining price stability over the medium term and its accommodative stance supports economic activity. However, in order to reap the full benefits from our monetary policy measures, other policy areas must contribute decisively. Given continued high structural unemployment and low potential output growth in the euro area, the ongoing cyclical recovery should be supported by effective structural policies. In particular, actions to improve the business environment, including the provision of an adequate public infrastructure, are vital to increase productive investment, boost job creation and raise productivity. The swift and effective implementation of structural reforms, in an environment of accommodative monetary policy, will not only lead to higher sustainable economic growth in the euro area but will also raise expectations of permanently higher incomes and accelerate the beneficial effects of reforms, thereby making the euro area more resilient to global shocks. Fiscal policies should support the economic recovery, while remaining in compliance with the fiscal rules of the European Union. Full and consistent implementation of the Stability and Growth Pact is crucial for confidence in our fiscal framework. At the same time, all countries should strive for a more growth-friendly composition of fiscal policies."

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Formheasann an Coimisiún scéim na Portaingéile € 500,000 chun tacú tuilleadh leis an earnáil iompair paisinéirí in Azores i gcomhthéacs na ráige coronavirus

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Cheadaigh an Coimisiún Eorpach scéim Portaingéile € 500,000 chun tacú tuilleadh leis an earnáil iompair paisinéirí i Réigiún na hAsóir i gcomhthéacs na ráige coronavirus. Faomhadh an beart faoin Státchabhair Creat Sealadach. Leanann sé scéim eile sa Phortaingéilis chun tacú leis an earnáil iompair paisinéirí in Azores a d’fhormheas an Coimisiún 4 2021 Meitheamh (SA.63010). Faoin scéim nua, beidh an chabhair i bhfoirm deontas díreach. Beidh an beart oscailte do chomhchuideachtaí iompair paisinéirí de gach méid atá gníomhach sna hAsóir. Is é aidhm an bhirt na ganntanais leachtachta tobann atá os comhair na gcuideachtaí seo a mhaolú agus aghaidh a thabhairt ar chaillteanais a tabhaíodh thar 2021 mar gheall ar an ráig coronavirus agus na bearta sriantacha a bhí le cur i bhfeidhm ag an rialtas chun scaipeadh an víris a theorannú.

Chinn an Coimisiún go bhfuil scéim na Portaingéile ag teacht leis na coinníollacha atá leagtha amach sa Chreat Sealadach. Go háirithe, ní rachaidh an chabhair (i) thar € 1.8 milliún in aghaidh na cuideachta; agus (ii) deonófar é tráth nach déanaí ná an 31 Nollaig 2021. Chinn an Coimisiún go bhfuil an beart riachtanach, iomchuí agus comhréireach chun suaitheadh ​​tromchúiseach i ngeilleagar ballstáit a leigheas, de réir Airteagal 107 (3) (b) CFAE agus coinníollacha an Chreata Shealadaigh. Ar an mbonn seo, cheadaigh an Coimisiún an beart faoi rialacha státchabhrach an AE. Is féidir tuilleadh faisnéise a fháil faoin gCreat Sealadach agus faoi ghníomhartha eile a rinne an Coimisiún chun aghaidh a thabhairt ar thionchar eacnamaíoch na paindéime coronavirus anseo. Cuirfear an leagan neamhrúnda den chinneadh ar fáil faoin gcás-uimhir SA.64599 sa cabhair stáit clárú ar Choimisiúin láithreán gréasáin an chomórtais aon uair amháin go bhfuil aon saincheisteanna rúndachta réitithe.

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Eagraíocht um Chomhar agus Fhorbairt Eacnamaíochta (OECD)

Comhoibríonn an AE le tíortha eile OECD chun toirmeasc a mholadh ar chreidmheasanna onnmhairiúcháin do thionscadail chumhachta guail

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Tionólann tíortha na hEagraíochta um Chomhar agus Fhorbairt Eacnamaíochta (OECD) cruinniú urghnách inniu (15 Meán Fómhair) agus Déardaoin (16 Meán Fómhair) chun toirmeasc féideartha ar chreidmheasanna onnmhairiúcháin do thionscadail idirnáisiúnta giniúna cumhachta breoslaithe guail a phlé gan aon chúiteamh a thomhas. Díreoidh na cainteanna ar thogra a chuir an AE agus tíortha eile i láthair (Ceanada, Poblacht na Cóiré, an Iorua, an Eilvéis, an Ríocht Aontaithe agus SAM) níos luaithe an mhí seo. Tacaíonn an togra le glasú an gheilleagair dhomhanda agus is céim thábhachtach é chun gníomhaíochtaí gníomhaireachtaí creidmheasa onnmhairiúcháin a chur ar chomhréim le haidhmeanna Chomhaontú Pháras.

Is cuid thábhachtach iad creidmheasanna onnmhairiúcháin chun trádáil idirnáisiúnta a chur chun cinn. Mar rannpháirtí i Socrú an OECD ar Chreidmheasanna Easpórtála le Tacaíocht Oifigiúil, tá ról mór ag an AE sna hiarrachtaí chun cothrom na Féinne a chinntiú ar leibhéal idirnáisiúnta agus chun comhleanúnachas an chomhchuspóra a bhaineann le hathrú aeráide a chomhrac a chinntiú. Gheall an AE deireadh a chur le cúnamh do chreidmheasanna onnmhairiúcháin do ghual gan bearta a fhritháireamh, agus ag an am céanna tiomnaíonn sé ar an leibhéal idirnáisiúnta go dtí trasdul cóir.

I mí Eanáir 2021, d’iarr Comhairle an Aontais Eorpaigh go gcuirfí deireadh de réir a chéile le fóirdheontais breosla iontaise a dhéanfadh dochar don chomhshaol ar thráthchlár soiléir agus go ndéanfaí claochlú diongbháilte agus díreach domhanda. i dtreo neodracht aeráide, lena n-áirítear deireadh a chur de réir a chéile le gual gan bearta cúitimh i dtáirgeadh fuinnimh agus, mar chéad chéim, deireadh láithreach leis an maoiniú uile don bhonneagar guail nua i dtríú tíortha. Ina Athbhreithniú ar Bheartas Trádála i mí Feabhra 2021, gheall an Coimisiún Eorpach go gcuirfí deireadh láithreach le tacaíocht creidmheasa onnmhairiúcháin don earnáil leictreachais guail.

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I mí an Mheithimh i mbliana, d’aithin baill G7 freisin go raibh infheistíocht dhomhanda leanúnach i nginiúint leictreachais guail neamh-laghdaithe ar neamhréir leis an gcuspóir téamh domhanda a theorannú go 1.5 ° C agus gheall siad deireadh a chur le tacaíocht dhíreach nua rialtais do ghiniúint cumhachta domhanda guail-bhreoslaithe. go hidirnáisiúnta faoi dheireadh 2021, lena n-áirítear trí mhaoiniú rialtais.

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EU

Seachtain amach romhainn: An stát ina bhfuil muid

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Is é píosa mór socraithe na seachtaine seo aitheasc ‘Stát an AE’ (SOTEU) Uachtarán an Choimisiúin Eorpaigh von der Leyen chuig Parlaimint na hEorpa i Strasbourg. Is coincheap é a fuarthas ar iasacht ó SAM, nuair a thugann Uachtarán na Stát Aontaithe aitheasc don Chomhdháil ag tús gach bliana ag leagan amach a phleananna (agus bhí sé i gcónaí go dtí seo) don bhliain amach romhainn. 

Cuireann sé ionadh orm i gcónaí féinmhuinín Mheiriceá agus an creideamh beagnach doscriosta gurb é Meiriceá an náisiún is mó ar domhan. Cé go gcaithfidh smaoineamh go bhfuil tú iontach maith a bheith ina staid thaitneamhach intinne, cuireann staid uafásach na SA ar an oiread sin leibhéil i láthair na huaire dom smaoineamh go bhféadfadh gur dearcadh níos sláintiúla í an tsúil ró-chriticiúil a chaitheann na hEorpaigh ar a gcrann. Fós féin, uaireanta bheadh ​​sé go deas dá bhféadfaimis aitheantas a thabhairt do na buntáistí iomadúla atá ag an AE agus a bheith rud beag níos ‘Eorpach agus bródúil’.

Tá sé deacair a thomhas cé mhéid suime atá ag SOTEU lasmuigh de na daoine is mó a bhíonn ag gabháil do ghníomhaíochtaí an AE. De ghnáth, ní théann na hEorpaigh, seachas grúpa beag de na daoine is díograisí, timpeall ar an gcaoi a bhfuil an tAE díreach faoi bhláth, nó bíonn siad díograiseach i gcoitinne faoina threo. Cé go mb’fhéidir go mbreathnóimis ar an bhfrithéifeacht, thug an RA léargas an-láidir do gach saoránach AE ar “cad a tharlaíonn má?” 

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Ag féachaint cá bhfuil an domhan, tá an chuma ar an AE go bhfuil sé i riocht níos sláintiúla ná an chuid is mó - tá brí liteartha leis seo i mbliana freisin, is dócha go bhfuilimid ar an mór-roinn is vacsaínithe ar domhan, tá plean uaillmhianach ann chun ár ngeilleagar a mhuirearú as ár ngeilleagar tá a lagtrá paindéimeach agus an mhór-roinn tar éis a smig a bhaint amach agus shocraigh siad gan aon rud a dhéanamh chun an domhan a threorú chun dul i ngleic leis an athrú aeráide. Is dóigh liom go pearsanta go bhfuil borradh mór dóchais ann ón bhfíric gur dealraitheach gur shocraigh muid i dteannta a chéile gur leor iad siúd laistigh den AE atá ag iarraidh cúlú a dhéanamh ar luachanna daonlathacha agus ar smacht reachta. 

Beidh roinnt tograí ag teacht ón gCoimisiún an tseachtain seo: Beidh Vestager ag cur an phlean i láthair le haghaidh ‘Deichiú Digiteach na hEorpa’; Leagfaidh Borrell pleananna an AE amach maidir le naisc leis an réigiún Ind-Aigéan Ciúin; Tabharfaidh Jourova breac-chuntas ar phlean an AE maidir le hiriseoirí a chosaint; agus cuirfidh Schinas pacáiste an AE ar fhreagairt agus ullmhacht éigeandála sláinte i láthair. 

Seisiún iomlánach de chuid na Parlaiminte atá ann, ar ndóigh. Seachas SOTEU, déanfar díospóireacht ar an staid dhaonnúil san Afganastáin agus ar chaidreamh an AE le rialtas Taliban; Tá saoirse na meán agus an smacht reachta sa Pholainn, san Aontas Sláinte Eorpach, Cárta Gorm an AE d’imircigh ardoilte agus cearta LGBTIQ uile le plé.

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