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Trialacha córa: Déanann FPEanna dréacht-dlí an AE maidir le toimhde na neamhchiontachta

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Úsáidimid do shíniú suas chun ábhar a sholáthar ar bhealaí ar thoiligh tú leo agus chun ár dtuiscint ortsa a fheabhsú. Is féidir leat díliostáil ag am ar bith.

law-school-ftrDraft EU rules to ensure that the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty is fully respected in member states were approved by the Civil Liberties Committee on Tuesday (31 March). MEPs inserted amendments to prevent statements by public authorities that might suggest a suspect is guilty before a final conviction, ensure that the burden of proof stays with the prosecution and guarantee the rights to remain silent, not to incriminate oneself and to be present at trial.

“The presumption of innocence is a fundamental right and above all it is an essential principle if we are to prevent arbitrary judgments and abuses of power in criminal proceedings. This principle seeks to guarantee the right to a fair trial”, said Rapporteur Nathalie Griesbeck (ALDE, FR) in a committee debate.

"The proposal for a directive is made all the more important by the erosion of the principle of the presumption of innocence that is currently being seen in several EU member states", she added.

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Banning public authority statements that presume guilt

Public authorities must refrain from making public statements referring to suspects or accused persons “as if they were guilty”, before a final conviction or before or after a final acquittal, say MEPs.

The amended rules would therefore require EU countries to forbid their public authorities from disclosing information, “including in interviews and in communications issued through or in conjunction with the media”, or from leaking information to the press “which could create prejudice or bias against the suspect or accused person before final conviction in court”, explains the committee. EU countries should also promote the adoption of codes of ethical practice in co-operation with the media, it adds.

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“Where applicable”, legal persons, too, should be covered by these EU rules, MEPs say. This was not envisaged in the initial proposal.

Reversing the burden of proof and compulsion are unacceptable

Allowing presumptions that shift the burden of proof from the prosecution to suspects or accused persons is “unacceptable” say MEPs, who deleted this possibility from the Commission’s initial text. The burden of proof must rest with the prosecution and “any doubt always benefits the suspect or accused persons”, they insist.

MEPs also deleted from the proposal a provision that would have made it possible in limited cases to “compel” a suspect or accused person to provide information relating to charges against them.

Silence must not be used against suspects

Suspects or accused persons should not be considered guilty simply because they exercise their right to remain silent, MEPs underlined. The exercise of this right, as well as the right not to incriminate oneself and not to co-operate, “must never be considered as a corroboration of the facts”, they say.

In other additions to the Commission's text, MEPs stress that any evidence obtained in violation of these rights or by torture shall be inadmissible and that cases in which judgments may be delivered in absentia must be kept to a strict minimum.

Na chéad chéimeanna eile

The committee vote gives the rapporteur a mandate to start negotiations with the Council with a view to reaching an agreement on the proposed directive. Three-way talks between the Parliament, the Council and the Commission (trialogues) should start soon.

This draft directive is part of a package of proposals to further strengthen procedural rights for citizens in criminal proceedings, which includes one on safeguards for children, voted in  committee on 5 February (brúigh scaoileadh), and another on legal aid, to be voted later.

The previous Parliament passed three other EU laws that are part of a "roadmap" for strengthening procedural rights: a directive on the right to interpretation and translation, a directive on the right to information and a directive on the right of access to a lawyer.

Around 9 million people are confronted with criminal justice proceedings every year in the EU.

Result of the vote on the mandate to open negotiations with the Council: 43 votes in favour, 6 against and 1 abstention.

Sa chathaoir: Claude Moraes (S&D, UK)

Tuilleadh eolais

Legal situation in the EU member states regarding presumption of innocence (annex V of the impact assessment)
Comhad nós imeachta

Talmhaíocht

An t-ardaitheoir beartaithe ar thoirmeasc uan SAM fáilte roimh nuacht don tionscal

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Bhuail an FUW leis an USDA in 2016 chun deiseanna onnmhairithe uan a phlé. Ó chlé, speisialtóir talmhaíochta na SA Steve Knight, Comhairleoir Gnóthaí Talmhaíochta na SA Stan Phillips, oifigeach beartais sinsearach FUW an Dr Hazel Wright agus Uachtarán FUW Glyn Roberts

D’fháiltigh Aontas Feirmeoirí na Breataine Bige roimh an nuacht go bhfuil an cosc ​​fadbhunaithe ar uan na Breataine Bige a allmhairiú isteach sna Stáit Aontaithe le tógáil go luath. Rinne Príomhaire na RA Boris Johnson an fógra Dé Céadaoin 22 Meán Fómhair. 

Phléigh an FUW le fada an t-ionchas go gcuirfí an toirmeasc gan chúis leis an USDA ag cruinnithe éagsúla le deich mbliana anuas. Chuir Hybu Cig Cymru - Cur Chun Cinn Feola chun suntais go meastar gur fiú an oiread agus £ 20 milliún sa bhliain an margadh féideartha d’Uan na Breataine Bige i SAM laistigh de chúig bliana ó bhaintear na srianta onnmhairiúcháin.

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Ag labhairt dó óna fheirm chaorach i Sir Gaerfyrddin, dúirt Leas-Uachtarán FUW, Ian Rickman: “Anois agus níos mó ná riamh caithfimid margaí easpórtála eile a iniúchadh agus ár margaí seanbhunaithe san Eoraip a chosaint freisin. Tá fonn orainn caidreamh i bhfad níos láidre a fhorbairt le margadh na SA agus is mór an scéala dár dtionscal caorach an nuacht go bhféadfaí an toirmeasc seo a ardú go luath. "

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Geilleagar

Tá iompar uirbeach inbhuanaithe i lár an aonaigh do Sheachtain Soghluaisteachta na hEorpa

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Tá timpeall 3,000 baile agus cathair ar fud na hEorpa ag glacadh páirte i mbliana Seachtain Soghluaisteachta na hEorpa, a thosaigh inné agus a mhairfidh go dtí Dé Céadaoin, 22 Meán Fómhair. Seoladh feachtas 2021 faoin téama ‘Sábháilte agus sláintiúil le soghluaisteacht inbhuanaithe’, agus cuirfidh sé úsáid an iompair phoiblí chun cinn mar rogha soghluaisteachta sábháilte, éifeachtúil, inacmhainne agus astaíochtaí ísle do gach duine. Is é 2021 comóradh 20 bliain an lae saor ó ghluaisteáin, ar fhás Seachtain Soghluaisteachta na hEorpa uaidh.

“Tá córas iompair glan, cliste agus athléimneach ag croílár ár ngeilleagair agus lárnach i saol daoine. Sin é an fáth go bhfuilim bródúil, ar chomóradh 20 bliain Sheachtain Soghluaisteachta na hEorpa, as na 3,000 cathair ar fud na hEorpa agus níos faide i gcéin as a thaispeáint conas a chuidíonn roghanna iompair sábháilte agus inbhuanaithe lenár bpobail fanacht ceangailte le linn na n-amanna dúshlánacha seo, ”a dúirt an Coimisinéir Iompair Adina Vălean .

Don bhliain shuntasach seo, tá músaem fíorúil cruthaithe ag an gCoimisiún Eorpach ag taispeáint stair na seachtaine, a thionchar, a scéalta pearsanta, agus an nasc atá aige le tosaíochtaí inbhuanaitheachta níos leithne an AE. Áit eile, i measc na ngníomhaíochtaí ar fud na hEorpa tá féilte rothair, taispeántais feithiclí leictreacha agus ceardlanna. Comhtháthaíonn imeacht na bliana seo le comhairliúchán poiblí ar smaointe an Choimisiúin maidir le creat nua soghluaisteachta uirbí, agus an Bliain Eorpach Iarnróid lena Traein Europe Express a nascadh.

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coróinvíreas

Formheasann an Coimisiún scéim na Portaingéile € 500,000 chun tacú tuilleadh leis an earnáil iompair paisinéirí in Azores i gcomhthéacs na ráige coronavirus

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Cheadaigh an Coimisiún Eorpach scéim Portaingéile € 500,000 chun tacú tuilleadh leis an earnáil iompair paisinéirí i Réigiún na hAsóir i gcomhthéacs na ráige coronavirus. Faomhadh an beart faoin Státchabhair Creat Sealadach. Leanann sé scéim eile sa Phortaingéilis chun tacú leis an earnáil iompair paisinéirí in Azores a d’fhormheas an Coimisiún 4 2021 Meitheamh (SA.63010). Faoin scéim nua, beidh an chabhair i bhfoirm deontas díreach. Beidh an beart oscailte do chomhchuideachtaí iompair paisinéirí de gach méid atá gníomhach sna hAsóir. Is é aidhm an bhirt na ganntanais leachtachta tobann atá os comhair na gcuideachtaí seo a mhaolú agus aghaidh a thabhairt ar chaillteanais a tabhaíodh thar 2021 mar gheall ar an ráig coronavirus agus na bearta sriantacha a bhí le cur i bhfeidhm ag an rialtas chun scaipeadh an víris a theorannú.

Chinn an Coimisiún go bhfuil scéim na Portaingéile ag teacht leis na coinníollacha atá leagtha amach sa Chreat Sealadach. Go háirithe, ní rachaidh an chabhair (i) thar € 1.8 milliún in aghaidh na cuideachta; agus (ii) deonófar é tráth nach déanaí ná an 31 Nollaig 2021. Chinn an Coimisiún go bhfuil an beart riachtanach, iomchuí agus comhréireach chun suaitheadh ​​tromchúiseach i ngeilleagar ballstáit a leigheas, de réir Airteagal 107 (3) (b) CFAE agus coinníollacha an Chreata Shealadaigh. Ar an mbonn seo, cheadaigh an Coimisiún an beart faoi rialacha státchabhrach an AE. Is féidir tuilleadh faisnéise a fháil faoin gCreat Sealadach agus faoi ghníomhartha eile a rinne an Coimisiún chun aghaidh a thabhairt ar thionchar eacnamaíoch na paindéime coronavirus anseo. Cuirfear an leagan neamhrúnda den chinneadh ar fáil faoin gcás-uimhir SA.64599 sa cabhair stáit clárú ar Choimisiúin láithreán gréasáin an chomórtais aon uair amháin go bhfuil aon saincheisteanna rúndachta réitithe.

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