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Coimisinéir Geoghegan-Quinn Tréaslaíonn buaiteoirí Duais Nobel san Fhisic

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Úsáidimid do shíniú suas chun ábhar a sholáthar ar bhealaí ar thoiligh tú leo agus chun ár dtuiscint ortsa a fheabhsú. Is féidir leat díliostáil ag am ar bith.

lhc-simResearch, Innovation and Science Commissioner Máire Geoghegan-Quinn has today congratulated Belgian physicist François Englert and British physicist Peter W. Higgs for winning the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics. They received the prize for "for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider". (http://www.nobelprize.org/)

Commissioner Geoghegan-Quinn said: "This is recognition of the contribution made to modern physics by François Englert and Peter Higgs. I would also like to pay tribute to the thousands of scientists who have worked tirelessly at CERN over many years to detect this elusive particle. EU-funded research has contributed to the research at CERN, including enabling the processing of the huge amounts of data from the LHC experiments that confirmed the predictions."

EU support for the LHC experiments at CERN

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CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, is the world's leading laboratory for particle physics. It has its headquarters in Geneva. At present, its member states are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

The European Union is supporting the work at CERN through its research programme, while the European Investment Bank helped finance the construction of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in which the experiments to discover the Higgs Boson were conducted. CERN is currently taking part in 95 projects under the EU’s Seventh Framework Programme for Research (FP7) with an EU contribution of more than €100 million.

What is the LHC?

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The breakthrough discovery of the Higgs Boson was the result of hundreds of thousands of experiments in the world's largest science machine: the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a 27 kilometre-long, circular tunnel beneath the French and Swiss Alps, where – with the help of super-cooled magnets – beams of protons were accelerated and smashed into each other to disintegrate into new particles and to confirm assumptions about the particle. The LHC was financed by CERN's 20 European member states and third countries including the U.S., Japan and India. The European Investment Bank lent the project €300 million euro.

What is GÉANT?

GÉANT is co-funded by the European Union (EU) and Europe’s National Research and Education Networks (NRENs). The GÉANT network connects 38 NREN partners serving 43 countries, together reaching in excess of 50,000,000 end users from more than 10,000 universities, higher education institutes, research institutes, libraries, museums, national archives, hospitals, etc. and a further 22,000 primary and secondary schools. It is operated by DANTE (UK), which leads the project consortium of 41 partners.
Research networks, including GÉANT are critical components in the global infrastructure behind the LHC, delivering experimental data to scientists around the world for analysis and then sharing their results amongst the entire community. To share this data GÉANT and its NREN partners have been involved in the LHC experiment since it began in 2008. Together they have deployed a vast optical private network (LHC OPN) to facilitate distribution of data to processing centres around the world (IP / 13 / 756).

The Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG)

The Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG) is a global collaboration of more than 150 computing centres in nearly 40 countries, linking up national and international grid infrastructures. The mission of the WLCG project is to provide global computing resources to store, distribute and analyse the ~25 Petabytes (25 million Gigabytes) of data annually generated by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC).

This effort started some 10 years ago in April 2004, when the Enabling Grids for E-Science in Europe (EGEE) project received financing from the European Commission. CERN has pioneered work that provides access to high-throughput computing resources across Europe and the world using grid/cloud computing techniques. The European Grid Infrastructure (EGI), as it is known nowadays, links centers across Europe to support international research in many scientific disciplines.

EU-backed researchers in team behind Higgs discovery

30 scientists supported by the European Union's Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions for research training and mobility were involved in the discovery of the Higgs Boson. The 30 scientists worked on the 'ACEOLE' and 'TALENT' projects, which made important contributions to the breakthrough. ACEOLE helped to develop the data readout systems used at the Large Hadron Collider particle accelerator tunnel at CERN, where the particle was identified. TALENT, which provided operational support for the experiment, is developing measurement tools for a better understanding of the precise nature of the new particle. Altogether the 30 scientists will receive about €6.5 million in EU funding.

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Comhbheartas Talmhaíochta: Conas a thacaíonn an AE le feirmeoirí?

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Ó thacaíocht a thabhairt d’fheirmeoirí go dtí an comhshaol a chosaint, clúdaíonn beartas feirme an AE raon spriocanna éagsúla. Faigh amach cé mar a mhaoinítear talmhaíocht an AE, a stair agus a todhchaí, Cumann.

Cad é an Comhbheartas Talmhaíochta?

Tacaíonn an AE leis an bhfeirmeoireacht trína Comhbheartas Talmhaíochta (CBT). Cuireadh ar bun é i 1962, rinneadh roinnt leasuithe air chun an talmhaíocht a dhéanamh níos cothroime d’fheirmeoirí agus a bheith níos inbhuanaithe.

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Tá thart ar 10 milliún feirm san AE agus soláthraíonn na hearnálacha feirmeoireachta agus bia le chéile beagnach 40 milliún post san AE.

Conas a mhaoinítear an Comhbheartas Talmhaíochta?

Maoinítear an Comhbheartas Talmhaíochta trí bhuiséad an AE. Faoin Buiséad an AE do 2021-2027, Tá € 386.6 billiún curtha ar leataobh le haghaidh feirmeoireachta. Tá sé roinnte ina dhá chuid:

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  • 291.1bn do Chiste Ráthaíochta Talmhaíochta na hEorpa, a sholáthraíonn tacaíocht ioncaim d’fheirmeoirí.
  • € 95.5bn do Chiste Talmhaíochta na hEorpa um Fhorbairt Tuaithe, lena n-áirítear maoiniú do cheantair thuaithe, gníomhaíocht aeráide agus bainistíocht acmhainní nádúrtha.

Cén chuma atá ar thalmhaíocht an AE inniu? 

Bhí tionchar ag COVID-19 ar fheirmeoirí agus ar earnáil na talmhaíochta agus thug an AE bearta sonracha isteach chun tacú leis an tionscal agus ioncaim. Ritheann na rialacha reatha maidir leis an gcaoi ar chóir cistí CBT a chaitheamh go dtí 2023 mar gheall ar mhoilleanna san idirbheartaíocht bhuiséid. D'éiligh sé seo comhaontú idirthréimhseach chun ioncam feirmeoirí a chosaint agus slándáil bia a chinntiú.

An gciallóidh an t-athchóiriú Comhbheartas Talmhaíochta atá níos neamhdhíobhálaí don chomhshaol?

Tá talmhaíocht an AE freagrach as 10% d’astaíochtaí gás ceaptha teasa. Ba cheart go mbeadh beartas feirme AE atá níos neamhdhíobhálaí don chomhshaol, níos cothroime agus níos trédhearcaí mar thoradh ar an athchóiriú, a dúirt FPEnna, tar éis a thángthas ar phlé leis an gComhairle. Tá an Pharlaimint ag iarraidh CBT a nascadh le comhaontú Pháras maidir le hathrú aeráide, agus an tacaíocht d’fheirmeoirí óga agus d’fheirmeacha beaga agus meánmhéide a mhéadú. Vótálfaidh an Pharlaimint ar an mbeart deiridh i 2021 agus tiocfaidh sí i bhfeidhm i 2023.

Tá beartas talmhaíochta nasctha leis an Déileáil Ghlas na hEorpa agus an Straitéis Feirme go Forc ón gCoimisiún Eorpach, a bhfuil sé mar aidhm aige an comhshaol a chosaint agus bia sláintiúil a chinntiú do gach duine, agus slite beatha na bhfeirmeoirí a chinntiú.

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An t-ardaitheoir beartaithe ar thoirmeasc uan SAM fáilte roimh nuacht don tionscal

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Bhuail an FUW leis an USDA in 2016 chun deiseanna onnmhairithe uan a phlé. Ó chlé, speisialtóir talmhaíochta na SA Steve Knight, Comhairleoir Gnóthaí Talmhaíochta na SA Stan Phillips, oifigeach beartais sinsearach FUW an Dr Hazel Wright agus Uachtarán FUW Glyn Roberts

D’fháiltigh Aontas Feirmeoirí na Breataine Bige roimh an nuacht go bhfuil an cosc ​​fadbhunaithe ar uan na Breataine Bige a allmhairiú isteach sna Stáit Aontaithe le tógáil go luath. Rinne Príomhaire na RA Boris Johnson an fógra Dé Céadaoin 22 Meán Fómhair. 

Phléigh an FUW le fada an t-ionchas go gcuirfí an toirmeasc gan chúis leis an USDA ag cruinnithe éagsúla le deich mbliana anuas. Chuir Hybu Cig Cymru - Cur Chun Cinn Feola chun suntais go meastar gur fiú an oiread agus £ 20 milliún sa bhliain an margadh féideartha d’Uan na Breataine Bige i SAM laistigh de chúig bliana ó bhaintear na srianta onnmhairiúcháin.

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Ag labhairt dó óna fheirm chaorach i Sir Gaerfyrddin, dúirt Leas-Uachtarán FUW, Ian Rickman: “Anois agus níos mó ná riamh caithfimid margaí easpórtála eile a iniúchadh agus ár margaí seanbhunaithe san Eoraip a chosaint freisin. Tá fonn orainn caidreamh i bhfad níos láidre a fhorbairt le margadh na SA agus is mór an scéala dár dtionscal caorach an nuacht go bhféadfaí an toirmeasc seo a ardú go luath. "

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Tá iompar uirbeach inbhuanaithe i lár an aonaigh do Sheachtain Soghluaisteachta na hEorpa

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Tá timpeall 3,000 baile agus cathair ar fud na hEorpa ag glacadh páirte i mbliana Seachtain Soghluaisteachta na hEorpa, a thosaigh inné agus a mhairfidh go dtí Dé Céadaoin, 22 Meán Fómhair. Seoladh feachtas 2021 faoin téama ‘Sábháilte agus sláintiúil le soghluaisteacht inbhuanaithe’, agus cuirfidh sé úsáid an iompair phoiblí chun cinn mar rogha soghluaisteachta sábháilte, éifeachtúil, inacmhainne agus astaíochtaí ísle do gach duine. Is é 2021 comóradh 20 bliain an lae saor ó ghluaisteáin, ar fhás Seachtain Soghluaisteachta na hEorpa uaidh.

“Tá córas iompair glan, cliste agus athléimneach ag croílár ár ngeilleagair agus lárnach i saol daoine. Sin é an fáth go bhfuilim bródúil, ar chomóradh 20 bliain Sheachtain Soghluaisteachta na hEorpa, as na 3,000 cathair ar fud na hEorpa agus níos faide i gcéin as a thaispeáint conas a chuidíonn roghanna iompair sábháilte agus inbhuanaithe lenár bpobail fanacht ceangailte le linn na n-amanna dúshlánacha seo, ”a dúirt an Coimisinéir Iompair Adina Vălean .

Don bhliain shuntasach seo, tá músaem fíorúil cruthaithe ag an gCoimisiún Eorpach ag taispeáint stair na seachtaine, a thionchar, a scéalta pearsanta, agus an nasc atá aige le tosaíochtaí inbhuanaitheachta níos leithne an AE. Áit eile, i measc na ngníomhaíochtaí ar fud na hEorpa tá féilte rothair, taispeántais feithiclí leictreacha agus ceardlanna. Comhtháthaíonn imeacht na bliana seo le comhairliúchán poiblí ar smaointe an Choimisiúin maidir le creat nua soghluaisteachta uirbí, agus an Bliain Eorpach Iarnróid lena Traein Europe Express a nascadh.

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